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We describe a two-step procedure for APTT that can be performed on photometric devices. It includes preincubation of diluted plasma with ellagic acid and phospholipids and a starting reagent that contains calcium and a chromogenic peptide substrate for thrombin, Tos-Gly-Pro-Arg-pNA. Reaction time is recorded from addition of the starting reagent until thrombin formation occurs, and a prefixed amount of substrate is cleaved. The pattern of sensitivity to clotting factors and heparin was similar to clotting assays and the substrate used did not interfere with the activity of factor Xa. An application of the method was made for the Cobas(R) Bio centrifugal analyzer. Absorbance readings were sent to an external computer and were transformed into reaction times by a computer program. Although the results are independent on fibrinogen concentrations, from kinetic data of the reaction curve fibrinogen concentrations can be estimated. Correlation studies showed good correspondence to clotting methods (r = 0.92, n = 53) as well as an excellent precision (CV 3% for inter-assays, n = 15) and high throughput of samples (>100/h) in the automated assay.
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Accepted: July 20, 1985
Received: April 17, 1985
© 1985 Published by Elsevier Inc.